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Gingivitis is a periodontal disease that affects the gums, usually caused by bacteria that accumulate in the form of a colorless, soft, sticky film called plaque. If this plaque is not removed, it hardens and forms deposits known as tartar or calculus (at this stage, it is necessary to visit the dentist to have it removed, as regular brushing and daily hygiene care are not enough).
In gum disease, we can differentiate three stages from mild to severe:
Gingivitis: The mildest stage
Gingivitis is characterized by inflamed, red gums and bleeding when brushing or flossing.
Periodontitis or Pyorrhea: The progression from acute gingivitis
If left untreated, the inflammation affects the ligaments and bone that support the teeth.
Advanced Periodontitis: The most severe stage
Advanced periodontitis can lead to tooth loss.
Symptoms and Signs of Gingivitis
The most prominent symptoms and signs of gingivitis include:
- Inflamed, reddish, and sensitive gums
- Bleeding gums, especially during oral hygiene practices like flossing or brushing
- Receding or separating gums from the teeth
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Pain while chewing food
- Visible pus around the teeth and gums
Causes and Risk Factors of Gingivitis
Several causes and factors can contribute to the development of gingivitis, including:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Infections or systemic diseases
- Hormonal changes, such as during pregnancy
- Use of certain medications (e.g., phenytoin, bismuth, some contraceptive pills)
Pharmaceutical Remedies for Gingivitis
Early detection and prevention of gingivitis are crucial to avoid it progressing into periodontitis. The first step is to visit a dental specialist to determine the extent of gingivitis. Additionally, specific products for this condition should be incorporated into daily oral hygiene routines. These products can be found at your local pharmacy and may include:
- Gingivitis mouth rinses like Gingilacer Colutorio 500 ml, Kin Gingival Colutorio, or Cariax Colutorio.
- Gingivitis toothpaste such as Gingilacer Pasta 150 ml, Kin Gingival Pasta, or Cariax Pasta.
The cleaning routine for gingivitis typically involves these steps:
- Brush your teeth 2-3 times a day using gingivitis toothpaste. These specific toothpastes contain fluoride, which helps eliminate plaque buildup and prevent its reappearance.
- Use dental floss and interdental brushes. Dental floss removes plaque that accumulates between teeth and gums. Use it carefully to avoid damaging the gums. For hard-to-reach areas, interdental brushes can be used.
- Regular dental check-ups. In addition to regular brushing, it is necessary to visit the dentist for a thorough cleaning and removal of difficult-to-reach plaque deposits. These regular dental visits also help with the prevention and early detection of more serious oral problems.
It is important to teach our children the importance of proper oral hygiene to prevent the development of gingivitis in children.
Remember, maintaining good oral hygiene and seeking professional dental care is essential for preventing and treating gingivitis. For more information, visit Make You Smile.